Avoiding Heat-Related Illnesses

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Provided by Patient First

The summer swelter continues as temperatures and humidity rise. This increases health risks as you work and play outside, especially for older people and young children.

How can you avoid heat-related illnesses?

  • Wear light weight, light colored clothing made of breathable material, like cotton.
  •  Stay hydrated. Drink water throughout the day.
  •  Avoid strenuous outdoor activity on hot days.
  •  If you must be outside, take frequent breaks in a cool place.
  •  Air-conditioning is the best way to protect against heat-related illness. If you do not have air-conditioning at home during extreme heat. Try to spend time in air-conditioned locations such as a shopping mall, public library, or public health sponsored heat-relief shelter in your area.

Excessive heat can cause several health problems including heat exhaustion. Symptoms include:

  • Profuse sweating
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Skin that feels cool and moist
  •  Muscle cramps.

Move this person to a cooler location, apply cool wet cloths to their body, and give them cool water to drink. If the person vomits or refuses to drink, call 9-1-1. Heat exhaustion can lead to heat stroke.heat safety



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