Balls Ford Road Composting Facility Now Able to Process More Organic Waste

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Provided by Prince William County

An expansion at the Balls Ford Road Composting Facility has nearly tripled its capacity to produce compost. In addition to yard waste, the facility can recycle additional food waste using state-of-the-art equipment and processes.

The expansion of the facility, which was established in 1994, is a public partnership between Freestate Farms and Prince William County. Under an agreement, Freestate Farms, which has operated the facility since 2015, financed and expanded the operation without using any County funding. The County will pay Freestate Farms to turn its organic waste into high-quality compost and sell it.

Facility Capabilities

Prince William Board of County Supervisors Chair Ann Wheeler attended the ribbon-cutting ceremony to celebrate the facility’s opening. She said that she has driven by it in the past and was excited to see the new additions. “I think this is really wonderful, to come back here now and see all these buildings. The future of our County is just absolutely wonderful. I really am grateful for this facility because … the EPA tells us that 30 percent of waste in landfills is food and yard waste.”

Brentsville District Supervisor Jeanine Lawson also attended. She said, “I am glad to have this facility, which is one of very few in the region or across the country. It is exciting for us, in Prince William County, to be a leader with this compost facility in the region.”

Turning yard and food waste into compost at the facility will keep tons of this material out of the landfill. According to Acting Director of Public Works Tom Smith, “About 30 percent of the waste going into the landfill was organic, primarily yard waste, leaves, grass, brush and food waste. We saw this as a great opportunity to expand the program for organic processing to increase the life of the County landfill. It’s part of our work to recycle more, be more sustainable, to take more material that previously went into the landfill and make usable soil amendments to improve our environment.”

Processing at the New Facility

The process at the facility includes shredding waste, removing plastics and other non-organic material on a sorting line, and processing and curing the resulting organic material in large concrete bins with controlled air flow to speed the composting process and control any odors.

In the past, yard waste was processed in long windrows that had to be periodically turned over, using heavy construction equipment. That process could take up to nine months. The new process will get the job done in less than three months.

With the new construction complete, the composting facility will be able to process more than 80,000 tons of waste per year, as compared to roughly 30,000 tons per year that it processed in the past.

Who Can Use the Facility

Other jurisdictions can use the composting facility and pay Freestate Farms to take their waste. Smith said, “This is a regional facility. We’re working with Fairfax, Arlington and Alexandria. This is a facility for the region. Being right off I-66, it’s very easy to get trucks in and out of the facility.”

The facility is open to all residents, businesses and institutions in the County and region who can separate organic waste. Grocery stores, food processors, restaurants and cafeterias typically generate larger amounts of food waste and need a way to divert this material from landfills.

The facility will decrease methane emissions. Douglas Ross, Freestate Farms CEO, said, “We built a facility that would create high-quality compost while also minimizing the region’s and our own environmental footprint. Because of compost’s organic qualities, its use has powerful benefits in everything from backyard plant and vegetable gardens to green roof construction, sports turf management, and regional soil erosion and sediment control projects.”


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