Rare Disease Day is Feb. 29, 2020

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Provided by Prince William County Schools (PWCS)

The Prince William County School Board recently approved a resolution recognizing Feb. 29, 2020, as Rare Disease Day. In recognition of Rare Disease Day, PWCS has updated and republished a story about a passionate PWCS mom, her family, and their struggles and triumphs with one rare disease.

Jana Monaco was advocating for an accessible playground for PWCS students long before she knew it would benefit her own son, Stephen. Her two older sons, Nicholas, and Alexander, now in their 20s, attended Lake Ridge Elementary School, giving Jana an opportunity to be involved. She had her then-toddler, Stephen, with her during her frequent visits.

As a substitute teacher and active volunteer parent at Lake Ridge Elementary School, Jana said, “Stephen went with me all over the place in PWCS. He would try out the playground equipment. He was my tester.”

Illness and a Diagnosis

Jana said that although Stephen was a picky eater, he was a very healthy toddler. But that all changed very quickly. When Stephen was 3 ½ years old, he became very sick.

The evening after Memorial Day, Jana said she put Stephen to bed, and she believed, based on the symptoms, that Stephen had a stomach ache. When she entered Stephen’s room the next morning, she found him unresponsive in his crib.

Stephen was rushed to the hospital, where he experienced several seizures and slipped into a coma. Doctors said if Stephen survived, he would never be the same. Stephen’s condition perplexed the doctors, but after multiple tests, the Monacos would receive heartbreaking news. Stephen was diagnosed with isovlaeric acidemia, a rare metabolic disorder affecting one in 250,000 people in the United States.

According to the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD), “isovaleric acidemia (IVA) is a type of organic acid disorder in which affected individuals have problems breaking down an amino acid called leucine from the food they eat.” Symptoms can range from very mild to life-threatening.

In Stephen’s case, IVA caused brain damage, confining him to a wheelchair. Jana praised the support of the Lake Ridge Elementary School community while the family experienced this very difficult time. She said they provided meals and encouragement.

A Preventable Condition

More devastating than Stephen’s diagnosis is the fact that his symptoms and subsequent serious health issues could have been prevented by a newborn screening tool. Not long after Stephen’s diagnosis, Jana learned she was pregnant. At that time, she learned that both she and her husband Tom carried the gene that could cause the illness in their new baby.

Armed with critical information, they prepared for their baby girl’s arrival by planning an in utero screening. Their new daughter Caroline also had IVA, but because they were able to begin treatment immediately, “Caroline is a child growing up and thriving with this condition,” Jana said. Caroline attended Lake Ridge Elementary and Lake Ridge Middle School, and began her junior year at Woodbridge High School last fall. She loves horseback riding.

After Caroline was born, Jana made it her personal mission to ensure other families were spared from the preventable and unfathomable situation her family endured. She began to lobby for the expansion of newborn screenings to include IVA.

“A baby’s fate was determined by the state they live in,” she said. “When Stephen got sick, this all came to the forefront.”

Additional Screening for Newborns

In 2005, Jana shared her family’s story and convinced a state delegate to sponsor a bill, which was later signed by Governor Mark Warner. The bill expanded the number of conditions for which newborns in Virginia are screened from nine to twenty-nine.

Jana also served for nearly six years as a member of the Advisory Committee on Heritable Disorders in Newborns and Children. This is a federal advisory committee in the Health and Human Services Administration. This Committee recommends to states that every newborn screening program include a Uniform Screening Panel that screens for 35 core disorders and 26 secondary disorders. Her advocacy work also contributed to the passage of the Newborn Screenings Saves Lives Act, which was signed into law in 2008.

For more than 10 years, Jana has served on the Children’s National Health System Patient and Family Advisory Council. She advocates for all patients and families, while she continues to fight for improved newborn screening policies. She is also the Virginia Volunteer State Ambassador for the NORD Rare Action Network, advocating for those with rare diseases.

Stephen Monaco Charity Gold and Dinner

When Stephen turned 18 in 2015, the family celebrated with the Annual Stephen Monaco Charity Golf and Dinner Event. Proceeds benefited the Rare Disease Institute of the Children’s National Health System. The 5th Annual Stephen Monaco Charity Golf and Dinner Event was held held on Oct. 25.

Jana said that due to her husband’s job, she has had the ability to stay home and take care of Stephen. She is also an advocate on behalf of people with rare diseases.

“Our family has been able to take care of him and we have great friends and a support network,” she said.

Jana said Stephen, who is now 22, has taught her family that “every day is a gift.”

Rare Disease Day is Feb. 29, 2020. Learn more on NORD.


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